Literary Criticism in the Neoliberal Chile: the Invisibility of the Dissent

Patricia Espinosa Hernández


This article addresses the exercise of literary criticism in Chile in the context of the increasingly complex practices of denial of dissent. The non-acceptance of difference that entraps the Chilean society eliminates the discordances by avoiding discourse diversity. The market, then, turns literary criticism into one more link of a book’s distribution channels and into a component of the advertising campaign. The crisis that literary criticism and our literature are going through represents only a fraction of the cultural catastrophe brought about by the commercialization of reality as a whole. We are now witnessing a privatization of critical thinking and, consequently, a neutralization of subjectivities; I therefore maintain how urgent it is to, from the reduced territory of subjectivity, vindicate criticism as an act of cultural resistance.


literary criticism, Chilean literary criticism, neoliberalism in Chile, politics, academic criticism, mass media


Espinosa, Patricia. “Dos aproximaciones a la crítica literaria”. Revista Ojo en tinta, Octubre 21, 2013. . 18 de enero 2016.

Peller, Mariela. “Judith Butler y Ernesto Laclau: debates sobre la subjetividad, el psicoanálisis y la política”. Sexualidad, Salud y Sociedad Nº 7, Rio de Janeiro Abril, 2011. 18 de enero 2016.

Rancière, Jacques. Sobre políticas estéticas. Barcelona: Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona, 2005.



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