"The vision of the "Other ": Racism and Ostracism in "El matadero "and Facundo"

Jennifer Linda Monti

Abstract


Two classic works of Argentine literature develop extensively the much-worked dichotomy of civilization/barbarism. However, the story "El matadero" by Esteban Echeverría and "Facundo": civilization and barbarism by Domingo Faustino Sarmiento present this issue in a contradictory way. Using as a framework the separation between 'civilization' and 'barbarism' and analyzing how these unit authors describe the 'other', this essay reveals the deep racism present in this dichotomy. Both masterpieces portray Afro-Argentines, gauchos and mestizos as animalized, as pure instinct and 'barbarians', completely excluding them from the country's modernization projects.

Keywords


Argentina, Sarmiento, barbarism, civilization

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5195/ct/2013.8

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