La personificación y el animal en El matrimonio de los peces rojos de Guadalupe Nettel



Palabras clave:

simulación encarnada, cognición, animales, posthumanismo, Guadalupe Nettel


En este trabajo se aborda una interacción entre los discursos cognitivos y posthumanos en la obra de la autora mexicana Guadalupe Nettel. Se pretende reinterpretar el motivo central de su antología de historias cortas: Natural Histories (2014), cuyos animales ‘son como un espejo que refleja emociones o comportamientos subterráneos que no nos atrevemos a ver’ (9). Propongo que esta ‘reflexión’ es un espejo de dos vías: no simplemente una imagen del humano reflejado en la opaca superficie del animal, sino que los humanos también actúan como un espejo y reflejan el comportamiento de los animales con quien habitan. La simulación entre los humanos y los animales representa un fenómeno que tiene lugar en el mundo real, llamado variadamente ‘la resonancia motora’ o ‘la simulación encarnada’. Esto es una imitación inconsciente que ocurre cuando alguien lo mira a otro, recreando sus acciones, movimientos o expresiones. (Gazzola et al.; Iacoboni; Landmann et al.; Uithol et al.). Aunque discutiré brevemente todas las narrativas, me centro en en particular en la primera historia de la antología: ‘El matrimonio de los peces rojos’, que demuestra una resonancia encarnada entre los humanos y no humanos que atraviesa niveles lingüísticos y caracterológicos. Un planteamiento cognitivo a esta resonancia en la narrativa revela la intersección entre paradigmas en la ciencia cognitiva, estudios de los animales, y posthumanismo en la antología.

Biografía del autor/a

Isabelle Wentworth, University of NSW

Researcher and Lecturer in the School of Arts and Media, University of NSW.


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