Images of Survival: of the Urban Realism of the Chaski Group to Peru Contemporary of Claudia Llosa.

Jorge Zavaleta Balarezo

Abstract


The article analyzes the first films of the Grupo Chaski and Claudia Llosa, two strong references in the Peruvian cinema of the last thirty years. Through the critique of the ideas and characteristics of these movies, the essay tries to build a image of Peru, a country where democracy returned in 1980 and since then he has had presidents accused of corruption and abuse of power such as Alan García, Alberto Fujimori, Alejandro Toledo and Ollanta Humala. The works of Chaski focus on poverty and vulnerability of children in Lima, a big city, capital of the country, in the 1980s. In this sense, they are previous stories to “cine de la marginalidad” that in the 1990s featured movies so realistic like Pizza, birra, faso, La vendedora de rosas, Ciudad de Dios or Ratas, ratones, rateros. Claudia Llosa´s work, called international attention when her second film, La teta asustada, won the Golden Bear, the main prize at Berlin Festival. This film, that establishes a necessary continuity to her first film, Madeinusa, is a portrait of the postwar years in the Peruvian Andes, those of the violence of Sendero Luminoso and how the Army designed a destructive strategy. The article looks for an overview of Peruvian society of the last thirty years, characterized for the structural poverty, terrorism, the development of neoliberal reforms and the corruption of the State at different levels.


Keywords


Peruvian Cinema, Claudia Llosa, Grupo Chaski, Marginalty, Social Crisis, Neoliberalism

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5195/ct/2017.245

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